李程彬:cause

时间:2020-11-07 07:55 来源:seo 作者:小可爱科技知识网 点击量:

李程彬:cause

  n. (名词)

  疏忽是这次火灾的起因。

  误 The cause for the fire was carelessness.

  正 The cause of the fire was carelessness.

  析 cause指“起因”“原因”与of连用, cause指“理由”与for连用。

  他的成功缘于勤奋。

  误 The cause of his success was on account of his hard work.

  正 The cause of his success was his hard work.

  正 His success was on account of his hard work.

  析 the cause of和on account of都表示“原因”,故应该去掉on account of或the cause of,以避免重复。

  v. (动词)

  什么原因使她脸这样红?

  误 What caused her blush like that?

  正 What caused her to blush like that?

  析 cause的宾语补足语中的不定式符号to不可省略。

  那使我快乐。

  误 That caused me happy.

  正 That caused me to be happy.

  析 cause不可接形容词作宾语补足语。

  这事使我有了反应。

  误 I was caused to reflect by incident.

  正 The incident caused me to reflect.

  析 cause后接动词不定式作宾语补足语时,不可以用在被动结构里。

  我因病缺席了一星期左右。

  误 I was absent for a week or so, caused by illness.

  正 I was absent for a week or so on account of illness.

  析 cause by不能当作副词使用。

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